Order now
     

PHI 445 – Latest (Ashford)-Complete Class (DQ’s, Journals,Final)

ÿ PHI 445 – LATEST (Ashford) PHI 445 Week 1 DQ 1 Psychological Egoism PHI 445 Week 1 DQ 2 Self-Interest or Community Interest PHI 445 Week 1 Journal PHI 445 Week 2 DQ 1 Puffery and Deception PHI 445 Week 2 DQ 2 Unintentional Discrimination PHI 445 Week 2 Journal PHI 445 Week 3 DQ 1 Managerial Incentives PHI 445 Week 3 DQ 2 Child Labor PHI 445 Week 3 Journal PHI 445 Week 3 Assignment Annotated Bibliography PHI 445 Week 4 DQ 1 Power Station Cost-Benefit Analysis PHI 445 Week 4 DQ 2 Portfolio Analysis PHI 445 Week 4 Journal PHI 445 Week 5 DQ 1 Federal Domain PHI 445 Week 5 DQ 2 New Stock Opportunity or Exposure PHI 445 Week 5 Final Paper Case Study Analysis of Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values ÿ ÿ PHI 445 – WEEK 1 PHI 445 – Week 1 – Discussion 1 – Psychological Egoism: Find a contemporary article showing how the theory of psychological egoism in a corporation resulted in an ethical dilemma. Is there a way that the decision-making process within a large corporation can overcome this fact of human selfishness? What would be a solution in this scenario? How does the theory of psychological egoism fit within your personal body of ethics and values? How does the theory of psychological egoism fit within the ethical structure of the company or organization you work for now or have worked for in the past? Your initial post should be of 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. PHI 445 – Week 1 – Discussion 2 – Self-Interest or Community Interest: In Chapter 2 of the course text, Adam Smith argued that self-interest is a critical element in a society_s economic development. Karl Marx, by contrast, argued that society functions better when each of us is more community oriented. Pretend you are either Adam Smith or Karl Marx, and explain economic recession from these perspectives. Discuss when greed and selfishness in businesses go too far and become a hazard to society. Stepping back into your shoes again, contrast your system of values and ethics concerning greed and self-interest with the system of values of Smith or Marx. Discuss if the ethical perspective of a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged resembles the perspective of Adam Smith or Karl Marx? Your initial post should be of 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references.ÿ ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 1 _ Journal Organizations Select a Not-For Profit and a For Profit organization you would like to study. These will be the organizations that you will be focusing on throughout the course so be sure to choose organizations that you find interesting and that you think will be engaging as you learn about the ethical climates of these organizations. ÿ PHI 445 – WEEK 2 PHI 445 _ Week 2 _ Discussion 1 – Puffery and Deception: Think of some contemporary examples of each and explain why they are or are not measurable statements of fact. When you notice deceptive advertising or puffery, how does your sense ofÿpersonalÿethical perspectives and values affect the way you make decisions about those advertised goods and services? How does the ethical program of a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged, treat the topic of misrepresentation or exaggeration of company goods and service? Your initial post should be 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references.ÿ ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 2 _ Discussion 2 -ÿUnintentional Discrimination:ÿ Unintentional discrimination occurs when a company_s policies uncritically reflect prejudicial stereotypes yet do not involve overt racial prejudices of its managers or executives. Does legislation to verify voter identification fall under the domain of unintentional or intentional discrimination? Explain your views. Also, how does yourÿpersonalÿethical perspective on discrimination- intentional or unintentional- compare to the culture of a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged? Your initial post should be 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references.ÿ ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 2 _ Journal Company Profile (Not-for-Profit) &ÿCompany Profile (For-Profit) Profile of [Company Name] (Franz, 2005) Write a paragraph here that describes the company. Identify the company_s: ÿ Area of interest History Summary of activities Funding sources Mission statement Values statement Include the company_s details: Location List the headquarters. List any major branch offices. Tax exempt status Is the company a 501c) (3)? If so, what date was it granted this status? If not, what is the name of the umbrella organization? Personnel How many employees does the company have? ÿ Then, examine and discuss the following: What obstacles does the company face in its sector, and does the company have any innovative approaches to overcoming those obstacles? Describe a time in which the company faced a major crisis that threatened its business. How did the company address and overcome this situation? ÿ Then, examine and discuss the following: Competitiveness. How does the company compare to its main competitors? Consider both domestic and local markets. What obstacles does the company face in its sector, and does the company have any innovative approaches to overcoming them? Leadership. Research and describe a time in which the company faced a major crisis that threatened its business. How did the company address and overcome this situation? ÿ ÿPHI 445 – WEEK 3 PHI 445 _ Week 3 _ Discussion 1 – Managerial Incentives: Henry Manne believed that companies cannot become too incompetent or corrupt, as eventually their share price would fall and they could be taken over by another firm that would get rid of incompetent management. Adolf Berle and Gardiner Means believed that company managers have an incentive to feather their own nests and to undermine shareholder wealth. Can elements or parts of these theoretical perspectives have governmental applications? If so, which theory do you think best describes the segment of American government known as the Congress and the Senate? Explain your answer. Which theory best fits your ethical perspective? Which theory best fits a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged? Your initial post should be 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 3 _ Discussion 2 – Child Labor: Child labor is endemic in the poorer countries of the world, and for many children it is seen as way of keeping their families out of poverty. Critics point out that if the governments were to invest more in educating children, they could be more productive and create more wealth for their nation when they are older. In the meantime, multinational enterprises often secure suppliers who use children. In your opinion, what is the best way to reduce child labor for multinational corporations? How is the phenomenon of child labor viewed from your ethical perspective? Given the ethical perspective of a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged, how would child labor be viewed? Your initial post should be 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references.ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 3 _ Journal Personal Profile Describe and conduct research on yourself (Sachteleben, n.d.). Reflect on the following questions and explain your answers to these attributes and questions in paragraph form. Describe your personality (choose 3 power words) Explain your primary ethical perspectives. What are the ways that you try to live an ethically good life and why do you think that these ways are the best ways? Feel free to include ethical theory and analysis that you have learned about in your study of the text and articles. What are your primary values? What specific activities reflect your primary values? (e.g., _saving money to help the needy_ or _protecting the environment_) What are your primary beliefs about life and the way that you interact in your place of business or work? What causes do you participate or hope to participate in? What are your pet peeves? What are your goals, dreams, or plans for the future both professionally as well as personally? Have you ever had any unusual experiences? (e.g., _Worked in the peace corps in the Sudan,_ _Went to school in Germany,_ _Survived a severe storm,_ _Met a famous person,_ _Home-schooled my kids._) Do you belong to any groups or have any affiliations that help to orient your life? ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 3 _ Annotated Bibliography The purpose of the annotated bibliography is to assist you in developing research analysis skills including critical thinking, writing, and literature research skills. The annotated bibliography should include a paragraph for each source containing the following information: Name of the article, including the complete bibliographic citation, using APA format. Summary/abstract of the article _ annotation (sometimes it is helpful to ask yourself the following questions in synthesizing the information: o Who? (author) o What was done? (e.g., an experimental study investigating the interaction of short term memory and attention) o How? (was it done) What were the findings? (identify the major ones) Contributions? (new findings, applications, etc.) Review the complete instructions for the Final Paper inÿWeekÿFive. To conduct accurate research for the annotated bibliography, consider the following: Research in peer-reviewed journals or other journals that are considered to have reliable information (do not use sources from the secular press (e.g.,ÿTime,ÿNewsweek, or Wikipedia). Review the guidelines for acceptable sources by reading the _Academic Research_ section within the Student Responsibilities and Policies tab under Course Home on the left navigation toolbar in your online course. In these journals, the research and information is either reviewed by an editorial team (such as for the Academy of Management Review) or a group of peers (such as in many journals you find through the Ashford Online Library).ÿ ÿÿ ÿ You must use at least 10 scholarly sources. The descriptions for each source must be at least one paragraph in length.ÿ ÿ PHI 445 – WEEK 4 PHI 445 _ Week 4 _ Discussion 1 – Power Station Cost-Benefit Analysis: A power station is planned in your local area and you have been requested to submit a primary cost-benefit analysis of the potential economic and environmental impact that the station could have. Prepare a list of pros and cons and a preliminary judgment on whether it should go ahead. If a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged, were to throw-out the list of pros and cons and rely on ethical predisposition of the business, what would be the preliminary judgment? Your initial post should be 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references.ÿ ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 4 _ Discussion 2 _ Portfolio Analysis: Reviewing the investments in your portfolio, you realize that the carbon footprint connected to your investments is relatively large, but your oil company stock also pays for the family holidays each year. The company_s website also says that it uses a high proportion of its profits to invest in green and renewable fuels of the future. Do you keep the stock or sell?ÿ Why?ÿ What principles did you apply in making this decision?ÿ Also, how does one check the credibility of the company and its website?7 Consider the ethical perspective of a particular group to which you currently belong or previously belonged, would the group keep or sell the stock? Why? Your initial post should be 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. PHI 445 _ Week 4 _ Journal Problems Facing Not-for-Profit Company Identify two to five problems that face your chosen not-for-profit company. Explain those problems. Why do these problems exist? Present the background on these problems. How do these problems impact the organization? Who is responsible for these problems? Identify potential solutions to those problems. Here, you can feel free to brainstorm and merely list various solutions to the problems that you identify. Choose a best solution for each problem. Explain why that solution is the best solution. In addition, determine whether or not the solution is possible and what would need to be done to implement the solution. Problems Facing For-Profit Company Identify two to five problems that face your chosen not-for-profit company. Explain those problems. Why do these problems exist? Present the background on these problems. How do these problems impact the organization? Who is responsible for these problems? Identify potential solutions to those problems. Here you can feel free to brainstorm and merely list various solutions to the problems that you identify. Choose a best solution for each problem. Explain why that solution is the best solution. In addition, determine whether or not the solution is possible and what would need to be done to implement the solution. ÿPHI 445 – WEEK 5 ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 5 _ Discussion 1 – Federal Domain: The Federal government manages millions of acres of forest land across the country, but there are increasing pressures on the agencies to permit varying levels of commercial access to the timber, other resources, and the water flows. Should the government have an absolute prohibition on commercial access or should there be a working compromise with companies? From your ethical perspective, should government have an absolute prohibition on commercial access or should there be a working compromise with companies? From the ethical perspective a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged, should government have an absolute prohibition on commercial access or should there be a working compromise with companies? Instead of the Federal government, suppose you managed millions of acres of forest land. Given you own set of ethical perspectives and values, what would you do? Your initial post should be 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references.ÿ ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 5 _ Discussion 2 -ÿNew Stock Opportunity or Exposure ÿ A friend is excited about a new stock opportunity with a medical company whose products could sell well around the world; having reviewed some of the stories in Chapter 10, you are no longer certain about the benefits that companies say will emerge from their products and you are concerned that the company_s history includes using animals and vulnerable people in experiments. From your ethical perspective, do you ignore the company_s past and research the current product, digging around for alternative ethical viewpoints, or do you accept the possibility of earning a simple profit? From the ethical perspective a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged, does the group ignore the company_s past and research the current product, digging around for alternative ethical viewpoints, or does the group accept the possibility of earning a simple profit? Your initial post should be 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references.ÿ ÿ PHI 445 _ Week 5 _ Final Paper -ÿCase Study Analysis of Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between For-Profit and Not-for-Profit Organizations Scenario: You are an ethnographic researcher writing an article for a popularÿorganizationalÿbehavior research journal. Your purpose is to identify key problems related to businessÿethicsÿin a Not-for-Profit and For- Profit organization. In this potential article please complete the following activities: Outline the company profile of the not for profit company you chose to analyze (consult theÿweekÿ#2ÿjournal for the information you should include).ÿ Explain the ethical dilemma that it faced or is currently facing.ÿ Analyze the way that it responded to this ethical dilemma and outline the legal, social, or political outcomes that emerged after the actions were taken.. Outline the company profile of the for profit company you chose to analyze (consult theÿweekÿ#2ÿjournal for the information you should include).ÿ Explain the ethical dilemma that it faced or is currently facing.ÿ Analyze the way that it responded to this ethical dilemma and outline the legal, social, or political outcomes that emerged after the actions were taken. In part three of your paper, please provide yourÿpersonalÿreflections on the ethical actions that were taken in relation to the problem.ÿ Evaluate those actions from your own ethical standpoint.ÿ Use these questions to inspire your analysis: Did the company respond in a morally responsible way?ÿ Did the company respond in a morally irresponsible way?ÿ Did the company create the ethical dilemma or was the dilemma the outcome of an unforeseen force?ÿ Could the company have done more?ÿ Who was responsible for the problem and how could it have been prevented? In part 4 of your paper please create a critique of the actions of these companies based on two of the philosophical theories that you studied earlier in the course (deontology, utilitarianism, egoism, virtueÿethics, and moral relativism).ÿ Determine which moral theory the company appears to be abiding by in relation to this issue.ÿ Explain the attributes of the decision that make you believe that this is the ethical perspective of the company.ÿ If you agree with the ethical theory of the company, explain why this is the best ethical position on the issue.ÿ If you do not, explain which ethical position would be better to utilize in this situation and why you believe that this position is better. Here are some sample questions to guide your thinking: Writing the Final Paper The Final Paper: Must be at least 10-12 double-spaced pages in length (not including title page and reference list), and formatted according to APA style. Must include a title page with the following: o Title of paper o Student_s name o Course name and number o Instructor_s name o Date submitted Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis. Must use at least ten scholarly resources. Must document all sources in APA style. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style. ÿ ÿ